Precious water

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For years, Morocco has suffered from severe drought periods which make the rural world highly dependent on the country’s water resources. The centuries-old irrigation techniques, still in use today, testify to the know-how and ingenuity of the Moroccan populations to capture water. Diversion dams, seguias, khettara, wells and seaweeds have long been built in mountains and oases. From the early 1960s, a policy of large dams (previously implemented by the French protectorate) was accelerated by independent Morocco, for irrigation, hydroelectric production and the supply of hydroelectric drinking water. and drinking water supply. Besides large spaces, small irrigated firsts were created thanks to the development of motor pumps. Often introduced by Moroccans resident abroad (settled in France, Belgium, Holland, Italy) who devote part of their income to improving the living and working conditions of their loved ones who stayed in the village and who initiate development projects, these motor pumps replace traditional processes. This is now the case in oases.
In order to combat the deterioration of the economic and social situation in rural areas, due in large part to drought, an inter-ministerial program, adopted in 1999, provides for: hydraulic installations, drinking water supply, electrification, road construction, development and maintenance of rural schools, cancellation and deferral of debts for small farmers. So many measures to respond to the emergency, try to reduce the gap that separates the rural world from the urban world and stem the exodus towards the cities
In addition to the magnitude of these problems, there is a paradox: the large landowners (ruling family, those close to power, high officials and guardians of the army, bosses or shareholders and officers of the army, bosses or shareholders of companies as well as holdings), not living in the countryside, hardly perceive the interest that there is in the long term – for all, including them – to stabilize the rural population thanks to the help that they could bring in equipment and in social and cultural support.
Small farmers are today marginalized in the face of agrarian capitalism, which has been the main beneficiary of previous policies (major irrigation works, tax exemption granted to the agricultural world from 1984 to 2000) and which will be best equipped to support, from 2010, the effects of the free trade agreement signed in 1995 between Morocco and the European Union.


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